Bone Densitometry (DEXA)
A scan similar to an x-ray that quickly and accurately measures the density of bone. It is used primarily to detect osteopenia or osteoporosis, conditions in which the bone's mineral and density are low and the risk of fractures is increased.
Computerized Tomography (CT or CAT scan)
A highly-advanced diagnostic scan using computer-enhanced x-rays. CT scans show images of areas surrounded by bone and can also help doctors see details within tissues, such as organs and blood vessels. CT scans are much clearer and detailed than ordinary x-rays and can often detect certain problems at an earlier stage.
A mammogram is an x-ray picture of the breast. Mammograms can be used to check for breast cancer in women who have no signs or symptoms of the disease. This type of mammogram is called a screening mammogram. Screening mammograms usually involve two or more x-ray pictures, or images, of each breast.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
A highly-advanced diagnostic technique which combines a powerful magnetic field, radio frequency waves and computers to produce high quality images of the body's internal tissues. These images help physicians diagnose specific medical conditions.
A type of medical imaging that uses small amounts of radioactive material (called tracers) to help diagnose and/or treat a variety of conditions or diseases. Nuclear medicine scans give doctors important information about how various parts of the body are working.
PET Scans (Positron Emission Tomography)
Medical imaging that shows your body’s metabolic activity. When combined, the PET and CT scans show what’s happening inside your body, including both normal and abnormal metabolic activity, as well as the anatomic details of the area where the activity is taking place.
A diagnostic medical imaging technique using sound waves to visualize muscles, tendons, tissues and many internal organs. Imagery can show size, structure and/or abnormalities with real-time images.
An imaging technique that uses invisible energy beams to produce images of internal tissues, bones and organs.